References and Further Reading 1.
Posted on May 10, by Scott Alexander I. She wants her son to take care of her. Taking care of a sick elderly person is a full-time job, one that can involve everything from giving medications to emptying bedpans.
He is not very keen on this plan. And she says, come on, I worked hard to raise you, you owe me. And I wonder, how far does this go? Suppose she is going to need a decade of pretty much twenty-four hour care.
You owe me everything, you have to take care of me. Maybe she categorically refuses. But the mother is probably right. The problem with infinite debts is that they are really hard to repay. This reminds me of the argument some people make against libertarians: But really, you owe a debt to society.
I get really angry with that argument for the opposite reason. It is so true that one could presumably owe society anything. But the idea of handing society a blank check for anything they want out of me is pretty scary.
For years, I felt like I was probably ethically obligated to give all my income to charity, minus whatever I needed to survive. And of course there are people who make fun of this. No, why should I?! I do my part by yelling at you! But I think the opposite tendency, the tendency to deny the debt entirely, also falls short of the mark.
I mean, there are good arguments for doing so.
You never contracted the debt. A very selfish man drives by in his Jeep and considers rescuing you and bringing you to the nearest hospital. You wake up in the ICU, feeling cool and refreshed.
The very selfish man is sitting by your bedside. Will you give me the money? She just wanted him to come visit once a year, maybe for Christmas.
But most of us would say he is under some obligation to visit his mother, or at least that he would be a pretty bad person if he refused. You can defend the guy having no debt to his mother.
You can defend the guy having an infinite debt to his mother. But a small debt to his mother? Where does that come from?The Case for Reparations.
Two hundred fifty years of slavery. Ninety years of Jim Crow. Sixty years of separate but equal. Thirty-five years of racist housing policy. Extended reading list (with links) and study guide on the causes of inequality by class, gender, race, income, occupation, and other social distinctions.
Despite greater attention being paid to higher education’s income divide than in the past, progress has been slow. In , Catharine Hill reported that “only 10 percent of students attending selective colleges and universities came from the bottom 40 percent of the income distribution in , and that little progress had been made by , except at a few of the very wealthiest.
The Future of Jobs and Jobs Training. As robots, automation and artificial intelligence perform more tasks and there is massive disruption of jobs, experts say a wider array of education and skills-building programs will be created to meet new demands. Higher education in the United States is an optional final stage of formal learning following secondary education.
Higher education, also referred to as post-secondary education, third stage, third level, or tertiary education occurs most commonly at one of the 4, Title IV degree-granting institutions, either colleges or universities in the country.
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