Clinical practice One type of acupuncture needle Acupuncture is a form of alternative medicine. The majority of people who seek out acupuncture do so for musculoskeletal problems, including low back painshoulder stiffness, and knee pain. In TCM, the four diagnostic methods are: Inspection focuses on the face and particularly on the tongue, including analysis of the tongue size, shape, tension, color and coating, and the absence or presence of teeth marks around the edge.
Massage Science and Mythology The trouble with studying massage Massage can be studied: Do people who are sick or broken get better when massaged? Moyer is a psychologist and a rare example of a real scientist — someone trained and expert in research methodology — who has chosen to focus on massage therapy: I have been talking about this error for years, and have even published a paper on it.
I critiqued a single example of it, and then discussed how the problem was rampant in massage therapy research.
Knowing the difference between a within-group result and a between-groups result is basic stuff. There is so much uncertainty that it is fair and reasonable to ask if we can really say much of anything about massage based on such incomplete and imperfect evidence.
We can, in fact, but it all must be done with our eyes wide open and a lot of qualifiers and hedging of bets. Research in the massage therapy field is still in infancy partly due to a lack of research infrastructure and a research tradition. The result is that most registered massage therapists are not accustomed to reading, analyzing, conducting, writing case studies or applying research in their own practice.
I discuss both of these in detail in their own sections below. For instance, there are a few scraps of evidence — not nearly enough, but better than nothing — that rubbing and stretching soft tissue can reduce joint pain and stiffness. For instance, basic research has shown that touch is neurologically complex and probably has many physiological effects.
Skin is fantastically rich in nerve endings — aboutper square centimetre. Sadly, there is an absence of useful evidence on the topic. Another interesting indirect example: And indeed a study of simple, static stretching showed a clear, good effect on heart rate regulation 13 — just from pulling on muscles, which may not be very different from pushing on them.
While many benefits of massage are still disconcertingly uncertain and hotly debated by somethere are two truly proven ones. Massage researcher and psychologist Dr. Christopher A Moyer Perhaps one of the reasons massage reduces depression and anxiety: While not proven as well as you might think, it is a pretty safe bet, 15 and the idea is further supported by evidence that massage therapy may reduces blood pressure 16 17 and helps people to sleep, even when they are under the unusual stresses of hospital care.
Relaxation is an important component of wellness and pain management, and I do not underestimate its value, but it is hardly curative.
And, as many critics have pointed out, massage is a super expensive way to relax. On average, professional massage therapists charge about a buck a minute — vastly more than millions of people can afford on a regular basis.
This economic perspective is often completely ignored in discussions of whether or not massage works. It probably does … but does it work well enough for the price? A nap is also quite relaxing, and a lot cheaper. If massage is to be considered a more cost-effective treatment for any medical problem than napping, we really must establish that it does more — quite a lot more — than just mellow people out.
Massage is a super expensive way to relax. On average, professional massage therapists charge about a buck a minute. Many studies done by the Touch Research Institute 19 — although almost certainly of generally low quality and strongly biased in favour of massage 20 — show many other broadly defined modest benefits to massage therapy in many circumstances — everything from rheumatoid bad arthritis 21 to cancer 22 to autism.
The majority of these manual therapies are nearly untouched by science. Many are dubious and obscure, while others are quite familiar and mainstream.Photographs of missing children. The Internal Revenue Service is a proud partner with the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children® (NCMEC).Photographs of missing children selected by the Center may appear in this publication on pages that would otherwise be blank.
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British Council Accredited School, Highly Trusted Sponsor. Looking for the best acupuncture schools in the US? Here are the 20 best schools for acupuncture and integrative medicine. The US National Institutes of Health issued a consensus statement proposing acupuncture as a therapeutic intervention for complimentary medicine.
Doctoral students can tailor the degree to their personal . Background Although acupuncture is widely used for chronic pain, there remains considerable controversy as to its barnweddingvt.com aimed to determine the effect size of acupuncture for 4 chronic pain conditions: back and neck pain, osteoarthritis, chronic headache, and shoulder pain.