The differences between realism modernism and

The change from one paradigm to another is not wholly justifiable or rational.

The differences between realism modernism and

But the basis of the evolving Star Trek phenomenon is the original show, which stumbled unsuccessfully from one season to another for a mere three years before being cancelled. Something in that unpromising origin propelled the enormous success that followed, even though it could hardly be more different, in important ways, from later shows.

Ironically, it is this inadequately budgeted, original series that did the big thing for Star Trek. There is an obvious difference between Star Trek, the original show, and the successor series and movies. And that is that they look so different.

In terms of the look, there is a definite dividing line between the origin and what came after. The computers in the original series appear to be plywood painted grey Figure 1. But the difference in style is much more than just special effects and, by the s, changes in fashion and production values.

The original series has a definite look, a style. This look is not the mere consequence of what are today obsolete production techniques.

Cubism (1908-1917)

The differences between realism modernism and treating the style of the original series as integral to the show — and not as a kind of regrettable defect — we can get a better grasp on the Star Trek phenomenon itself.

Typically, people talk about themes and characters, while the visual style is regarded with a patronizing sense of its quaintness. In fact, however, the look of Star Trek is deeply interesting in its own right.

It is the value, the cultural capital, that the object possesses. The term is curiously difficult to get hold of, but here I want to focus on the technical aspects that create the look.

The differences between realism modernism and

Hence look is primarily visual content, but also related sensory aspects, especially sound. Sound is a critical and fascinating part of the Star Trek look.

In investigating this look, this sensory configuration, my main concern is with how it is projected visually, but also with sound and with contributions made by other production values.

That is, there are subtle engagements of the style that are neither simply visual nor simply auditory. Minimalism brings with it a complex of values that are also notable in the original Star Trek. There is no doubt that budget constraints shaped the style, but ultimately the Minimalist look has nothing to do with budgeting.

Successor shows and movies, by contrast, could hardly be less Minimalist in their art direction, style, and lighting. Advances in special effects after Science fiction on television had to look good, had to be as perfect in terms of surface appearances as possible. By contrast, the predecessor series, Star Trek, was establishing conventions, not trying to catch up with them: Improvisation is part of the original show, and with it the failings and advantages that improvisation yields.

Many of the effects and settings were in fact improvised — improvised in the literal sense of that word, made up quickly under pressure with few resources. There is something about such circumstances that can stimulate creative work, as so many inexpensive but brilliant movies in film history also testify.

In the case of Star Trek, later series are more polished but less energized. The term Minimalism was coined in the s for a type of visual art, but it had always been an evolving strand within the Modernism that dominated art in the twentieth century.

It also has deeply American reference. As a concept, Minimalism is unusual in that it has a wide field of application, applying to very different art forms and even intellectual constructs, not just visual art for example, Ludwig Wittgenstein has been termed a Minimalist philosopher 3.German literature - The 20th century: German Modernism emerged from turn-of-the-century Aestheticism.

Like European Modernism as a whole, German Modernism was in fact a cluster of different literary movements, including Expressionism, Neue Sachlichkeit (“New Objectivity”), and Dada. Of these, Expressionism is the best known and most important.

To repeat a previous simplification: whereas Classicism, Realism and Romanticism all deal with the outside world, contemporary literature, by contrast, is commonly a retreat into the writer's consciousness — to make autonomous creations that incorporate diverse aspects of modern life (), or free-wheeling creations constructed of a language that largely points to itself (Postmodernism).

Differences Between Modernist Novel and Realist Novel Modernism is a term typically associated with the twentieth-century reaction against realism and romanticism within the arts.

More generally, it is often used to refer to a twentieth-century belief in the virtues of science, technology and the planned management of social change. Realism or political realism has been the dominant theory of international relations since the conception of the discipline.

The theory claims to rely upon an ancient tradition of thought which includes writers such as Thucydides, Machiavelli, and realism can be characterized as a reaction against interwar idealist thinking. Dec 03,  · In a way, naturalism proceeded from realism, and can be seen as an exaggerated form of realism; it shows humans as being determined by environment, heredity, and social conditions beyond their control, and thus rather helpless to escape their barnweddingvt.coms: Postmodernism is a late 20th-century movement in philosophy and literary theory that generally questions the basic assumptions of Western philosophy in the modern period (roughly, the 17th century through the 19th century).

Modernism - Wikipedia